Cold sores are due to a certain type of herpes virus known as herpes simplex virus type 1, although it can also be triggered by another types of herpes virus, which is herpes simplex virus type 2. A type of virus that is more attributed to genital herpes. Spreading genital herpes to other areas of the body is possible and the same goes for oral herpes or herpes conditions that infect the facial area.
Genital and oral herpes transmission usually occurs through direct contact with the infected person, such as kissing, sexual intercourse, sharing personal belongings or by simply being in contact with an open sore. Most individuals acquire the virus during their childhood, the time when the body’s immune system is weak and vulnerable. The virus stays dormant inside the body but becomes activated when triggered by certain factors, such as diseases, stress and other physical or environmental factors.
Herpes or cold sore virus can be transmitted through the following:
- Touching, caressing or kissing the infected areas.
- Doing sexual activities with an infected individual
- Direct skin to skin contact with an individual having an active cold sore outbreak
- A mother infected by the virus can pass it on to her infant
Cold sores in children may also occur. As mentioned above, it can be acquired from a mother that is infected by the virus or it can be acquired in different ways. In case a pregnant woman or a child is affected by such condition, consulting a physician is necessary. This is to determine the right medications that can be administered, as well as the safe dosage that should be given. Home remedies for the condition are available as well. These are considered safer compared to medications that may have negative side effects.
Natural cold sore remedies, on the other hand, may involve the use of home remedies, herbal remedies and alternative remedies for cold sore conditions. Home remedies include the application of ice pack, salt and petroleum jelly on the sores. Herbal remedies include the use of Echinacea tea tree oil, witch hazel and lemon balm among others to relieve the symptoms of the condition. Alternative remedies, nonetheless, may include the use of acupuncture to prevent the condition from recurring.